As forests are lost or degraded, they can become sources of harmful greenhouse gases (GHG) instead of fulfilling their important role as carbon sinks. Deforestation and forest degradation are the largest sources of carbon dioxide emissions after the combined emissions from all cars, trucks, trains, planes and ships in the world.
The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has developed a framework, known as REDD+, for providing incentives to developing countries to reduce GHG emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, and conserve and enhance forest carbon stocks by improving forest management.
Jurisdictional REDD+ programmes work on sizeable, sub-national landscapes, nested within national level frameworks. They focus on building capacities to address the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation, addressing and respecting safeguards, and engaging a wide range of stakeholders – for example local communities and Indigenous Peoples, businesses, and local and national governments – whose incidence at the landscape level is key to success in REDD+.
With this approach, REDD+ can be implemented and tested on a scale that is ecologically meaningful because it can contain intact ecosystems; socially meaningful because it allows for the participation of forest and indigenous communities in the safeguarding and protection of their lands; and politically meaningful because it aligns with recognized jurisdictions, such as government-designated provinces, departments or districts. Expanding jurisdictional REDD+ with existing sub-national administrations, within national development policies, could help counter threats in deforestation fronts while addressing issues related to poverty alleviation, land and community rights, sustainable development, and equitable resource governance.
REDD+ should be an economic activity thet creates less dependence on forest over-encroachment.
REDD+ seems to hold great promise for forests. However most developing countries have weak governance and low capacity to monitor forest. Investing in improving governance and building capacity of technical institutions is important.
I think with the whole situation of global warming and countries experiencing droughts that cloud seeding should be considered for arid lands.