Those financing, building or regulating infrastructure should mitigate social and environmental impacts, and build forest safeguards into all infrastructure projects.
The starting point is upfront impact assessment. An assessment can cover an individual project, the cumulative impact of a series of projects, or comprise a strategic review of proposed development plans or policies at macro-scale. Potential negative impacts can be addressed through a sequence of measures known as the “mitigation hierarchy”. Many of these measures will also help investors and project managers to mitigate risks, and to some degree are already embedded in best practice safeguards and guidelines.