To get back within the planet’s sustainable limits, individuals, businesses and governments need to assess and reduce their ecological footprints. In particular, the way the richest proportion of the global population lives will have to change. This does not mean forgoing all the little luxuries of life, but some will become more expensive and others less available. We need a change in global policy and economic incentives that drive food consumption patterns, which allow many to go hungry while others consume to excess.
In particular, the amount of meat and dairy products that affluent people consume will have to change. Compared to plant-based foods, meat and dairy generally require more land for grazing or feed production to produce the same amount of calories or protein. Over-grazing leads to land degradation and consequent greenhouse gas emissions and livestock, particularly cattle, contribute to climate change through methane emissions. Reining in food waste is also critical.
Forests can serve various nutritional requirements in their various stages of life. Proteins in their early life have a great role. We would utilize it for more protein consumption for optimum production from livestock.
Reducing meat consumption: an easy way to have better health, share limited resources and reduce pressure on ecosystems.